Linux Administrator Certification 101

Course code:LXLP02


Duration: 7 Days / 64 Hours

This course teaches the first level of Administration tasks on Linux operating system and prepares to appear for the LPIC -1 Exam 101-400 from Linux Professional Institute. Linux having become most widely deployed in today’s emerging technologies, this course will help to understand the various administration tasks of Linux operating system and be able to apply that knowledge in a practical and useful manner. To become LPIC-1 certified, you must pass both the 101 and 102 exams. Demand for Linux professionals is consistently increasing due to its dominance in cloud computing and data centre installations and those with professional certifications are more likely to be hired.*

Audience

Those who have a need to perform basic administrative taks on Linux operating system can attend this course. This course helps to pass their first level Linux administration certification from LPI.

Prerequisites

Basic knowledge of any computing operating system and file systems is required.

Objective

 To receive the LPIC -1 Exam 101-400 Certificate the candidate must:
  • understand the architecture of Linux system;
  • install Linux and manage packages;
  • work at the basic command line, including common GNU and UNIX commands;
  • configure devices, handle file systems and their hierarchies

Education Criteria

No specific education criteria is applicable

* Source: http://insights.dice.com/2016/05/05/demand-for-linux-talent-stays-strong-report/

Course overview

1. Introduction to Linux Administrator Certification

2.Course breakup

101. System architecture

101.1 Determine and configure hardware settings

Weight: 2

Description: Candidates should be able to determine and configure fundamental system hardware.

Key Knowledge Areas:

Tools and utilities to list various hardware information (e.g. lsusb, lspci, etc.)

Tools and utilities to manipulate USB devices

Conceptual understanding of sysfs, udev, dbus

The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:

  • /sys/
  • /proc/
  • /dev/
  • modprobe
  • lsmod
  • lspci
  • lsusb
 

101.2 Boot the system

Weight: 3

Description: Candidates should be able to guide the system through the booting process.

Key Knowledge Areas:

Provide common commands to the boot loader and options to the kernel at boot time

Demonstrate knowledge of the boot sequence from BIOS to boot completion

Understanding of SysVinit and systemd

Awareness of Upstart

Check boot events in the log files

Terms and Utilities:

  • dmesg
  • BIOS
  • bootloader
  • kernel
  • initramfs
  • init
  • SysVinit
  • systemd

101.3 Change runlevels / boot targets and shutdown or reboot system

Weight: 3

Description: Candidates should be able to manage the SysVinit runlevel or systemd boot target of the system. This objective includes changing to single user mode, shutdown or rebooting the system. Candidates should be able to alert users before switching runlevels / boot targets and properly terminate processes. This objective also includes setting the default SysVinit runlevel or systemd boot target. It also includes awareness of Upstart as an alternative to SysVinit or systemd.

Key Knowledge Areas:

Set the default runlevel or boot target

Change between runlevels / boot targets including single user mode

Shutdown and reboot from the command line

Alert users before switching runlevels / boot targets or other major system events

Properly terminate processes

Terms and Utilities:

  • /etc/inittab
  • shutdown
  • init
  • /etc/init.d/
  • telinit
  • systemd
  • systemctl
  • /etc/systemd/
  • /usr/lib/systemd/
  • wall
 

102. Linux Installation and Package Management

102.1 Design hard disk layout

Weight: 2

 

Description: Candidates should be able to design a disk partitioning scheme for a Linux system.

Key Knowledge Areas:

Allocate filesystems and swap space to separate partitions or disks

Tailor the design to the intended use of the system

Ensure the /boot partition conforms to the hardware architecture requirements for booting

Knowledge of basic features of LVM

Terms and Utilities:

  • / (root) filesystem
  • /var filesystem
  • /home filesystem
  • /boot filesystem
  • swap space
  • mount points
  • partitions

102.2 Install a boot manager

Weight: 2

Description: Candidates should be able to select, install and configure a boot manager.

Key Knowledge Areas:

Providing alternative boot locations and backup boot options

Install and configure a boot loader such as GRUB Legacy

Perform basic configuration changes for GRUB 2

Interact with the boot loader

The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:

  • menu.lst, grub.cfg and grub.conf
  • grub-install
  • grub-mkconfig
  • MBR
 

102.3 Manage shared libraries

Weight: 1

 

Description: Candidates should be able to determine the shared libraries that executable programs depend on and install them when necessary.

Key Knowledge Areas:

Identify shared libraries

Identify the typical locations of system libraries

Load shared libraries

Terms and Utilities:

  • ldd
  • ldconfig
  • /etc/ld.so.conf
  • LD_LIBRARY_PATH

102.4 Use Debian package management

Weight: 3

Description: Candidates should be able to perform package management using the Debian package tools.

Key Knowledge Areas:

Install, upgrade and uninstall Debian binary packages

Find packages containing specific files or libraries which may or may not be installed

Obtain package information like version, content, dependencies, package integrity and installation status (whether or not the package is installed)

Terms and Utilities:

  • /etc/apt/sources.list
  • dpkg
  • dpkg-reconfigure
  • apt-get
  • apt-cache
  • aptitude
 

102.5 Use RPM and YUM package management

Weight: 3

 

Description: Candidates should be able to perform package management using RPM and YUM tools.

Key Knowledge Areas:

Install, re-install, upgrade and remove packages using RPM and YUM

Obtain information on RPM packages such as version, status, dependencies, integrity and signatures

Determine what files a package provides, as well as find which package a specific file comes from

Terms and Utilities:

  • rpm
  • rpm2cpio
  • /etc/yum.conf
  • /etc/yum.repos.d/
  • yum
  • yumdownloader 

103. GNU and Unix Commands

103.1 Work on the command line

Weight: 4

>Description: Candidates should be able to interact with shells and commands using the command line. The objective assumes the Bash shell.

Key Knowledge Areas:

Use single shell commands and one line command sequences to perform basic tasks on the command line

Use and modify the shell environment including defining, referencing and exporting environment variables

Use and edit command history

Invoke commands inside and outside the defined path

Terms and Utilities:

  • bash
  • echo
  • env
  • export
  • pwd
  • set
  • unset
  • man
  • uname
  • history
  • .bash_history
 

103.2 Process text streams using filters

Weight: 3

Description: Candidates should should be able to apply filters to text streams.

Key Knowledge Areas:

Send text files and output streams through text utility filters to modify the output using standard UNIX commands found in the GNU textutils package

Terms and Utilities:

  • cat
  • cut
  • expand
  • fmt
  • head
  • join
  • less
  • nl
  • od
  • paste
  • pr
  • sed
  • sort
  • split
  • tail
  • tr
  • unexpand
  • uniq
  • wc
 

103.3 Perform basic file management

Weight: 4

Description: Candidates should be able to use the basic Linux commands to manage files and directories.

Key Knowledge Areas:

Copy, move and remove files and directories individually

Copy multiple files and directories recursively

Remove files and directories recursively

Use simple and advanced wildcard specifications in commands

Using find to locate and act on files based on type, size, or time

Usage of tar, cpio and dd

Terms and Utilities:

  • cp
  • find
  • mkdir
  • mv
  • ls
  • rm
  • rmdir
  • touch
  • tar
  • cpio
  • dd
  • file
  • gzip
  • gunzip
  • bzip2
  • xz
  • file globbing

103.4 Use streams, pipes and redirects

Weight: 4

Description: Candidates should be able to redirect streams and connect them in order to efficiently process textual data. Tasks include redirecting standard input, standard output and standard error, piping the output of one command to the input of another command, using the output of one command as arguments to another command and sending output to both stdout and a file.

Key Knowledge Areas:

Redirecting standard input, standard output and standard error

Pipe the output of one command to the input of another command

Use the output of one command as arguments to another command

Send output to both stdout and a file

Terms and Utilities:

  • tee
  • xargs

103.5 Create, monitor and kill processes

Weight: 4

Description: Candidates should be able to perform basic process management.

Key Knowledge Areas:

Run jobs in the foreground and background

Signal a program to continue running after logout

Monitor active processes

Select and sort processes for display

Send signals to processes

Terms and Utilities:

  • &
  • bg
  • fg
  • jobs
  • kill
  • nohup
  • ps
  • top
  • free
  • uptime
  • pgrep
  • pkill
  • killall
  • screen

103.6 Modify process execution priorities

Weight: 2

Description: Candidates should be able to manage process execution priorities.

Key Knowledge Areas:

Know the default priority of a job that is created

Run a program with higher or lower priority than the default

Change the priority of a running process

Terms and Utilities:

  • nice
  • ps
  • renice
  • top

103.7 Search text files using regular expressions

Weight: 2

Description: Candidates should be able to manipulate files and text data using regular expressions. This objective includes creating simple regular expressions containing several notational elements. It also includes using regular expression tools to perform searches through a filesystem or file content.

Key Knowledge Areas:

Create simple regular expressions containing several notational elements

Use regular expression tools to perform searches through a filesystem or file content

Terms and Utilities:
  • grep
  • egrep
  • fgrep
  • sed
  • regex(7)
 

103.8 Perform basic file editing operations using vi

Weight: 3

Description: Candidates should be able to edit text files using vi. This objective includes vi navigation, basic vi modes, inserting, editing, deleting, copying and finding text.

Key Knowledge Areas:

Navigate a document using vi

Use basic vi modes

Insert, edit, delete, copy and find text

Terms and Utilities:

  • vi
  • /, ?
  • h,j,k,l
  • i, o, a
  • c, d, p, y, dd, yy
  • ZZ, :w!, :q!, :e!

104.  Devices, Linux Filesystems, Filesystem Hierarchy Standard

104.1 Create partitions and filesystems

Weight: 2

Description: Candidates should be able to configure disk partitions and then create filesystems on media such as hard disks. This includes the handling of swap partitions.

Key Knowledge Areas:

Manage MBR partition tables

Use various mkfs commands to create various filesystems such as:

ext2/ext3/ext4

XFS

VFAT

Awareness of ReiserFS and Btrfs

Basic knowledge of gdisk and parted with GPT

Terms and Utilities:

  • fdisk
  • gdisk
  • parted
  • mkfs
  • mkswap
 

104.2 Maintain the integrity of filesystems

Weight: 2

Description: Candidates should be able to maintain a standard filesystem, as well as the extra data associated with a journaling filesystem.

Key Knowledge Areas:

Verify the integrity of filesystems

Monitor free space and inodes

Repair simple filesystem problems

Terms and Utilities:

  • du
  • df
  • fsck
  • e2fsck
  • mke2fs
  • debugfs
  • dumpe2fs
  • tune2fs
  • XFS tools (such as xfs_metadump and xfs_info)

104.3 Control mounting and unmounting of filesystems

Weight: 3

Description: Candidates should be able to configure the mounting of a filesystem.

Key Knowledge Areas:

Manually mount and unmount filesystems

Configure filesystem mounting on bootup

Configure user mountable removable filesystems

Terms and Utilities:

  • /etc/fstab
  • /media/
  • mount
  • umount
 

104.4 Manage disk quotas

Weight: 1

Description: Candidates should be able to manage disk quotas for users.

Key Knowledge Areas:

Set up a disk quota for a filesystem

Edit, check and generate user quota reports

Terms and Utilities:

  • quota
  • edquota
  • repquota
  • quotaon
 

104.5 Manage file permissions and ownership

Weight: 3

Description: Candidates should be able to control file access through the proper use of permissions and ownerships.

Key Knowledge Areas:

Manage access permissions on regular and special files as well as directories

Use access modes such as suid, sgid and the sticky bit to maintain security

Know how to change the file creation mask

Use the group field to grant file access to group members

Terms and Utilities:
  • chmod
  • umask
  • chown
  • chgrp

104.6 Create and change hard and symbolic links

Weight: 2

Description: Candidates should be able to create and manage hard and symbolic links to a file.

Key Knowledge Areas:

Create links

Identify hard and/or soft links

Copying versus linking files

Use links to support system administration tasks

Terms and Utilities:
  • ln
  • ls
 

104.7 Find system files and place files in the correct location

Weight: 2

Description: Candidates should be thoroughly familiar with the Filesystem Hierarchy Standard (FHS), including typical file locations and directory classifications.

Key Knowledge Areas:

Understand the correct locations of files under the FHS

Find files and commands on a Linux system

Know the location and purpose of important file and directories as defined in the FHS

Terms and Utilities:

  • find
  • locate
  • updatedb
  • whereis
  • which
  • type
  • /etc/updatedb.conf

Course review

Exam preparation

Practice exam